US President Barack Obama has come out in favor of a permanent seat on the UN Security Council for India by extension a veto. It is an idea that seems perfectly fair and one that many states around the world endorse.
After almost two decades, India made a successful pitch for a non-permanent seat in the UNSC, winning 187 votes, which essentially meant 98% of the UN membership.
There is nothing surprising about Washington backing reform of the Security Council. It already supports a permanent seat for Japan. The European Union, with two permanent members on the council, has also thrown its weight behind reform. A couple of months ago, at the UN annual General Assembly summit, EU leaders lined up to call for UN reform, including permanent seats for India, Japan Brazil and Germany. Russia, too, supports giving them permanent seats.
India deserves a permanent member in UN Security Council because:-
- India is one out of every six humans is an Indian.
- India is the world’s biggest, most vibrant, liberal, secular democracy.
- India is the world’s 4th largest economy (larger than that of UK and France combined and larger than that of Russia) and one of the fastest growing.
- India is an acknowledged technology superpower.
India is a responsible and peace-loving nation with powerful armed forces firmly under civilian control.
- India is a responsible nuclear power with a strong record of non-proliferation.
As of September 2009, India was estimated to have had a stockpile of around 60-80 warheads.
- India has contributed significantly to UN peacekeeping operations.
- India is one of the oldest living civilizations and a perennial and prolific fountainhead of influential culture and spirituality. Yet, India does not find a place as a permanent member of the UN Security Council alongside US, Britain, China, France and Russia.
The time has come for this to change.
International Herald Tribune: “Clearly, a seat for India would make the body more representative and democratic. With India as a member, the Council would be a more legitimate and thus a more effective body…” — Robert Wilcox
The New York Times: “India is the world’s biggest democracy, the world’s largest Hindu nation and the world’s second-largest Muslim nation” — Thomas Friedman
Nations Security Council on February 26, 2003. Rep. Pallone stated, “I believe it is morally wrong to ignore the voice of over one billion Indian people in security decision-making that affects them, and the rest of the world. India’s location, its large population, its history of participating in U.N. peacekeeping operations, and its leadership in the non-alignment movement all justify its bid for a permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council. All five members of the UN Security Council must realize that having India as a permanent security council member will give the South Asia region a stabilizing force, helping peace efforts in Central Asia and all parts of our increasingly connected world. The United States should follow the lead of one of its most important allies and endorse a permanent seat for India in the United Nations Security Council.”